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DO I REALLY HAVE GUM DISEASE? THE FOUR STAGES OF GUM DISEASE
If you see blood when brushing your teeth, you may be concerned that you have gum disease. What stage you are in is best determined by your Cosmetic Dentist Worcester MA. The stages of gum or periodontal disease are based on the amount of damage you have experienced to your bone and gum tissue surrounding your teeth.
STAGE 1 – GINGIVITIS
The first stage of gum or periodontal disease is represented by redness, swelling or bleeding during daily brushing. Gums can become inflamed and the space between the gum and tooth can get deeper. The pocket that is formed is called a periodontal pocket. This stage of disease is reversible, and your dentist office in Worcester can advise of the best method to stop the progression.
STAGE 2 – EARLY PERIODONTITIS
In the early stages of periodontitis, the infection and inflammation has moved to the bone that supports the teeth. Gums begin to swell and gingival pockets form under the gums. The treatment for this stage includes but is not limited to tooth scaling and root planing along with better dental hygiene.
STAGE 3 – MODERATE PERIODONTITIS
When the connective tissues and bone become seriously infected, moderate periodontitis occurs. Teeth may become loose and they may start to separate. The teeth may appear to look longer as gums recede. As the root surface is exposed a person may experience tooth sensitivity. Abscesses can develop at this stage. This is a critical stage that requires action to stop the disease from progressing.
STAGE 4 – ADVANCED PERIODONTITIS
This stage involves severe infection and tooth loss. Pus drainage due to abscesses is common and bone loss is typically more than 50%. Teeth will become loose and may fall out at this stage. Teeth may have to be extracted to stop the infection from spreading. Treatment may include surgery. Seek treatment from qualified Cosmetic Dentist Worcester MA.